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From Ji Longfeng, the art was passed down to Cao Jiwu. From Cao Jiwu, the art split into its two biggest branches. One branch came down from Cao's student Ma Xueli, [17] and became Xin Yi Liu He Quan - an art still widely practiced today, which compared to other lineages, have not undergone many changes over the generations.

The art remains in the Dai clan to this day, but has also spread elsewhere in China xing yi quan pdf to jpg around the world. The art remained fairly obscure until Li Luoneng also known as Li Nengran learned the art from the Dai family in the 19th century. Initially, members of the Dai clan refused to teach him, but he eventually won xing yi quan pdf to jpg their trust, and he was taught by Dai Wenxiong, Guo Weihan, or both.

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After learning Dai Xin Yi for a number of years, perhaps over a decade, Li left the Dai territories and traveled across Shanxi and Hebei provinces, teaching for many years his own elaboration on the art, now called 'Xing Yi Quan'. No reasons were ever recorded for the many changes [21] Li made to the art, but there are those who claim that Li wished to compete with the Dai clan's fame, perhaps because of some grudge.

Li and many of his students and grand-students were famous for offering bodyguard and caravan escort services. This included armed techniques such as bayonet and sabre drills alongside unarmed techniques.

Later, many others have spread the art across China and the world. Yi Quanwhich had been evolved from Xing Yi Quan by Wang Xiangzhai, became especially widespread during the 20th century, in China and across the world.

Following the Cultural Revolution in China, some Xing Yi forms have been adapted to fit xing yi quan pdf to jpg needs of xing yi quan pdf to jpg practitioners of the competitive sport of Wushu.

Xing Yi Quan - Wikipedia

This meant that various movement forms from the art were adapted to a competitive format, in which the emphasis was put on aesthetics and flowery movements, rather than on fighting.

The style is nonetheless relatively rare in wushu competitions because all wushu practitioners must compete in several mandatory events, which make Xing Yi, a non-mandatory art, a secondary priority in wushu competitive circles.

As there had never been a single organizational body governing the teaching of the art, several variant styles and sub-styles developed. Although there are classical texts which include specific encoded instructions and general guidelines for practice, many of these are ignored by most xing yi quan pdf to jpg practitioners, and interpreted in different ways by those who follow their instruction this is depicted in the lineage chart further down this page.

As a result, over the decades and especially over the last few dozen years, branches of the art have considerably differentiated and diverged.

This trend was strengthened by cross influences various Xing Yi teachers had from other martial arts and martial artistsand the spread of Xing Yi to the Western World. The art began to be taught in the West somewhere xing yi quan pdf to jpg the ss.


However, it only rose to prominence among martial arts communities worldwide during the first decade of the 21st century. Currently, it is still not well known among the general public.

Xing yi quan pdf to jpg explanation for this situation is that unlike other traditional oriental martial arts, Xing Yi was not a notable style in movies which became popular in the West and though a modified 'wushu' version of it appeared in The Onestarring Jet Li, this was not told or hinted to the viewers as part of that film's script.

This branch became the most popular because Taiwan was open to Westerners during the 20th century, while throughout most of that century, the Communist regime on mainland China did not allow Westerners to visit regularly, and thus people were not exposed to branches of the art from the mainland.

Contrary to popular belief, spread by some Taiwanese teachers, the art had not 'died out' on the mainland, but was simply inaccessible to outsiders for several decades proof of this is that many lineages of the art discussed and referenced on this page had survived The Great Leap Forward and The Cultural Revolution.

Xing Yi Quan

Other martial artists and Chinese martial art historians, such as Dan Miller, Cartmelland Brian Kennedy, hold that this story is largely legendary; while Xing Yi Quan may well have evolved from military spear techniques, there is no evidence to support that Yue Fei was involved or that the art dates to the Song dynasty.

These authors point out that the works attributed xing yi quan pdf to jpg Yue Fei's role long postdate his life, some being as recent as the Republican era, and that it was common practice in China to attribute new works to a famous or legendary person, rather than take credit for oneself.

Most practitioners just assume it was written by Dai Long Bang. Some researchers of martial arts believe that it was actually written in Shanxi during the final years of the 19th century.

Ji Longfeng, also known as Ji Jike, is the first xing yi quan pdf to jpg which all agree had both existed and practiced the art.